International Journal of Research Studies in Educational Technology
Available online: 28 September 2014

The role of memory stores in mobile-based Englishlearning environment: A case study of Iranianlearners


Shirani Bidabadi, Farinaz
Iranian Academic Center for Education Culture & Research IUT Branch (ACECR), Isfahan, Iran
(این آدرس ایمیل توسط spambots حفاظت می شود. برای دیدن شما نیاز به جاوا اسکریپت دارید)
Yamat, Hamidah
Faculty of Education, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Malaysia (این آدرس ایمیل توسط spambots حفاظت می شود. برای دیدن شما نیاز به جاوا اسکریپت دارید)
Moaied, Jalil
Iranian Academic Center for Education Culture & Research IUT Branch (ACECR), Isfahan, Iran
(این آدرس ایمیل توسط spambots حفاظت می شود. برای دیدن شما نیاز به جاوا اسکریپت دارید)
Received: 24 July 2014 Revised: 3 September 2014 Accepted: 6 September 2014
Available Online: 28 September 2014 DOI: 10.5861/ijrset.2014.867

Abstract:Multimedia learning such as mobile-based English learning occurs when learners employ theirminds to represent words and images for instance texts and illustrations or animations andshort stories. Thus, the appropriate use of materials and tools in teaching and learning isdefinitely helpful in building the process more meaningful. This study concentrates on howsensory memory, working memory, and long-term memory help Iranian EFL junior learnerslearn English in multimedia mobile-based learning environment and what are their attitudes andperceptions towards mobile-learning considering memory stores. A mixed-methodologysingle-case study research design (quantitative and qualitative) including a questionnaire and
semi-structured interview is used. A group of 96 junior university learners from a populationof 110 were randomly selected from a university in Esfahan, Iran. They are native speakers ofPersian aged between 19 and 26. Based on the scores obtained from the Oxford PlacementTest, they are placed in intermediate level. The findings of the descriptive analysis of thelearners’ psychological m-learning readiness indicated that Iranianlearners are highly familiarwith computing skills and they believe that English learning is an active process of selectingrelevant information from what is shown and presented, organizing selected information into a coherent representation, and integrating learned information with their prior knowledge. Moreover, analysis from the qualitative data also supported the role of three memory stores.Thus, cognitive theory of multimedia mobile-based English learning environment suggests theidea that learners' brain presents words and pictures that are selected andorganizeddynamicallyto produce logical mental constructs. Therefore, all learners should be aware of their
information processing stages

Keywords: mobile-based learning; environment; sensory memory; cognitive model; working
memory; long-term memory

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